Bed Bugs Alert – Know the Bed Bugs Symptoms

What are Bed Bugs?

What are Bed Bugs is a very easy question to answer. Bed bugs are small oval-shaped wingless insects that are a light brown to reddish brown in colour and can grow up to 5mm long and 3mm wide. They feed on the blood of a variety of warm blooded animals including humans by piercing the skin and using a combination of anticoagulants and painkillers in their saliva.

What Are The Different Types Of Bed Bugs?

The Common Bed Bug (Cimex lectularius) and the Tropical Bed Bug (Cimex hemipterus) are the most familiar bed bugs that you will come into contact with. There are also many times when bed bugs can be confused with other small insects including; carpet beetles, cockroaches, ticks and lice.


When Bedbugs Bite

Bedbugs are active mainly at night and usually bite people while they are sleeping. They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood through an elongated beak. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes to become engorged and then crawl away unnoticed.

Most bedbug bites are painless at first, but later turn into itchy welts. Unlike flea bites that are mainly around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while sleeping. Also, the bites do not have a red spot in the center like flea bites do.

People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes. To confirm bedbug bites, you must find and identify the bugs themselves.


Serious and life-threatening reactions to bed bug bites

Although less common, it is possible to develop a serious or even life-threatening reaction to bed bug bites. These reactions include:

  • Breathing is difficult
  • Heartbeat is irregular or forceful
  • Tongue swollen
  • Blisters, especially large blisters
  • Fever
  • Feeling very sick
  • Infection from scratching
  • Anemia (rare, but can develop when a person gets numerous bed bug bites)

Serious reactions require immediate medical care.


4 places you can get bedbugs from besides your bed

Bedbugs are the definition of a nightmare — they are small, brownish insects that feed on human or animal blood. their bodies swell into a reddish color after biting and reach the size of an apple seed.

They can find their way into your luggage.

Did you travel recently? If so, you might want to check your suitcases before settling back home. Bedbugs tend to be stowaways, especially in things that are moved from place to place, like your luggage. Even setting your bag down on a contaminated surface can put you at risk for bringing the bugs back to your home. It’s always wise to stay on top of your belongings and keep them as clean as possible.

They’ll hide in furniture.

Be careful where you get your sofa. Emallove/Wikimedia Commons

It’s best not to buy used furniture, like bed frames and mattresses, since they’re more likely to harbor the critters. To play it safe, always check your furniture for any signs of the bugs. According to the EPA, using a protective and transparent cover will make it easier for you to detect the bugs’ hiding spots. It’s also recommended you regularly vacuum.

They might turn up in your clothing.

Whenever you return from traveling, you should wash your clothes to minimize the risk of transferring bedbugs into your home. Although they’re less likely to hide in your clothing, you’re better off being cautious.

The bugs can lurk in your pillows.

During the day, bedbugs hide on beds and in the “cracks and crevices” of walls, floors, and furniture, according to the New York State Health Department. At night, they come out, crawling rapidly and biting for food. The bugs can lurk in your pillows so if you want to avoid a nightmare scenario in your bed, use heat. Toss your pillows in the dryer, as it will kill the bugs and sanitize your bedding.

Key things to remember:

Bedbugs don’t carry disease.

The bugs can live for months without a meal.

If you start sleeping somewhere else, you’ll bring the bugs with you.


How Do You Know if You Have Bedbugs?

  • A bedbug is a small, blood-sucking parasite that feeds on mammals and birds. Bedbugs belong to the insect family Cimicidae. Although there are several different species, the most common species associated with human bedbug infestations are Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus. Bedbugs are considered a public health pest. There has been a recent resurgence in bedbug infestations worldwide, particularly in developed countries, including the United States.
  • Adult bedbugs are reddish brown in color, flat, oval-shaped, wingless and approximately 4-5 millimeters in length. Immature bedbugs (nymphs) may be translucent or light tan in color and therefore very difficult to see. Bedbugs are often more red in color after feeding.
  • Some people don’t have any symptoms of bedbug bites, but when they do occur, they include pain, reddish-colored skin lesions where the person was bitten.
  • Bedbugs are attracted by warmth, and they generally feed during the night, often just before dawn.